Smoking is directly responsible for tons of diseases and smoking could also lead to organ problems, damaging organs in the long run. In the United States alone around 480k people die due to the use of tobacco solely. That is one in five deaths in the United States. More than HIV, alcohol, accident and drugs combined together kills less people than tobacco does. Tobacco shortens life span in women by eleven years and among men twelve years. Cigarettes are made of nicotine and other chemicals like tar and carbon monoxide. Tar and Carbon Monoxide are two most dangerous components in the cigarette.
Tar- Tar is a brown sticky substance that covers the lung and that affects breathing.
Carbon Monoxide- Carbon Monoxide stops organ from functioning structuring the flow of oxygen to other organs in the body.
Smoking can lead to broken bones and osteoporosis, which is too common in women as they are more prone to get brittle and weak bones.
The chances of getting a stroke are quite high due to smoking. It damages brain and can cause death. Through stroke you can get an injury called aneurysm. That you can get when the blood vessel get weak which results in a bulge which can eventually burst which is called subarachnoid haemorrhage.
Plaque is caused due to smoking that gets produced in the blood resulting in restricting the blood flow due to it being stuck on the walls of the arteries resulting in clotting. It causes narrowness in arteries making difficulty in flow of blood lead to increased heart rate and blood pressure. Smoke increases the chances of heart related problem s and cardiovascular diseases. Narrow or blocked arteries causes coronary heart disease which is one among the leading cause of death in US. Smokers are twice as likely to have heart attacks and chest related pain. Smokers find it difficult to do exercise or physical work because carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarettes make the heart work harder and faster.
Immune system – Smoking compromises against the immune system that protects our body from infections and diseases leading to autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Lungs – Need not say, lungs are the most obvious body organ that is affected by smoking and has different impacts on it. Primarily it damages the air sacs in the lungs. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, emphysema are a few lung diseases that are caused by smoking. It often takes years to for these diseases to become noticeable and are often not diagnosed until it’s in the advanced stage. Asthma and pneumonia are the most common lung diseases caused by smoking.
Mouth – Bad breath, stained teeth, tooth loss, gum swelling and diseases, damaged taste buds and throat cancer are the most common effects of smoking.
Reproduction – Smoking damages blood vessels in the penis leading impotence in men and also causes lower sperm count. Women who smoke during pregnancy put the foetus at risk, risk including miscarriage, premature birth, still birth, infant illnesses, low birth weight etc.
Skin – Smoking reduces the amount of oxygen in the skin leading to premature-ageing by 10 – 20 years and makes facial wrinkling.